|SocialismToday Socialist Party magazine|
Issue 168 May 2013
South Africa: new party boosts workers’ struggles
The launch of the Workers and Socialist Party (WASP) on 21 March was the direct outcome of the struggles of the mineworkers of South Africa throughout the course of last year. The Marikana massacre, where police armed with automatic weapons opened fire and killed 34 striking miners, was a watershed in post-apartheid South Africa (see: Marikana Massacre Ignites the Mass Movement, Socialism Today No.162, October 2012). Echoing this, one headline covering the launch read: ‘Born in Post-Marikana Anger, Workers & Socialist Party Enters SA Politics’.
The most significant feature of the 2012 mineworkers’ strikes was the organisation of independent rank-and-file led strike committees outside of the existing unions and bargaining mechanisms. Across the country – in the platinum belt, the gold fields and elsewhere – shaft after shaft created its own organisation and pushed forward a new militant leadership. The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), which had collaborated with the mine bosses, was evicted at a stroke. On the initiative of the Democratic Socialist Movement (DSM, CWI South Africa) these shaft-based committees organised, first, across the mining heartland of Rustenburg, and then into a national mineworkers’ strike committee.
The government of the African National Congress (ANC) and its partners in the Tripartite Alliance – the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu), of which the NUM is the largest affiliate – refused to support the mineworkers. Not only that, but the mineworkers were vilified and demonised by the very organisations that claim to represent them. There is no doubt that their campaign against the mineworkers’ independent strike committees laid the groundwork for the Marikana massacre. The recognition by the mineworkers that they stood alone and without a political voice was decisive in the emergence of WASP.
The mining industry is the mainstay of the South African economy and the mineworkers are the backbone of the working class, but it is not just here that the class struggle rages intensely. The farmworkers of the Western Cape have risen up in several waves from late 2012 to demand higher wages. They followed the model established by the mineworkers and moved to organise independent strike committees and they, too, forced concessions from the government and big-business farmers. In community after community, service delivery protests are held daily, in demand of roads, sanitation, electricity and water. In Sasolburg, the community exploded in a mass movement against attempts to cut funding even further. In the public sector, under the pressure of a growing budget deficit, mighty battles loom over pay and outsourcing.
This is the South Africa that the ANC governs. Raised to power on the backs of the mass workers’ struggles up to 1994, its support had already eroded before Marikana for its failure to satisfy the aspirations of the masses. Now, in the aftermath of Marikana, and mired in corruption, the ANC has lost whole swathes of its ‘traditional base’ among the working class and poor masses. Cosatu is riven with division, and the process of disintegration is progressing. Workers are not allowing the slavish support for the Tripartite Alliance by the Cosatu leadership to hold back their struggles. New independent unions are being created and discontent among the Cosatu rank-and-file and shop stewards is simmering.
Against this background, and with a continuing, widespread support for socialism among the masses, the Workers & Socialist Party has emerged. The launch event and the aftermath have given a clear indication of how WASP has emerged organically from the conclusions workers have drawn from the betrayals of the ANC and the recent experience of struggle.
At the launch conference, a workers’ committee member from the Carletonville gold mines south of Johannesburg said: "This is the time to build and prepare to fight… During the strike we saw the NUM, Cosatu, the ANC and SACP – none of them came to defend us. Instead they attacked us. It was the DSM alone that came to us when we were on the mountain, and stayed there with us to fight".
The mineworkers’ embrace WASP as ‘our’ party. It was in these terms that delegates from different mines pledged their support at the launch. Speakers included workers’ delegates from Klerksdorp Uranium, Kumba Iron Ore, Bokoni Platinum, Gold Fields KDC, Harmony Gold, the Mpumalanga coal mines and Anglo Gold Ashanti. As the launch was broadcast on TV, a mineworkers’ leader from a mine that was unable to attend phoned to report that dozens of workers had turned up at his office demanding to know: "How do we join OUR party?!"
The president and executive members of the new National Transport & Allied Workers Union (NATAWU) attended and spoke from the top table. NATAWU has been a left-split from the Cosatu-affiliated SATAWU transport union and is already out-stripping it in membership because the NATAWU has been willing to decisively lead the struggle in a series of strikes in the transport sector over recent weeks.
The turnout at the launch far exceeded expectations. Pretoria/Tshwane is outside of the mining heartlands. The bulk of the 600-strong audience were Tshwane Municipality workers who, alongside the DSM, waged a struggle against dismissal and won. Hundreds walked miles in order to attend the launch of their party. Already WASP is establishing itself as a party of struggle that can win victories.
Students and young people also travelled from far to attend the launch. As Elmond Magedi, a DSM activist and initiator of the new Socialist Youth Movement that is being formed, said in his speech at the launch that young people are hit by the hardest blows of a system in crisis: mass unemployment, a dysfunctional education system, rape and violence. They have a key role to play in building WASP to fight for a socialist future.
It is not just in South Africa that WASP is making waves. A teacher from Namibia – a member of the teachers’ worker committee – travelled days to attend the launch, despite the death of his son days earlier. Since the launch, WASP has been contacted by, among others, a group of farmworkers and a group of health workers asking to join and help build WASP.
Big business and the capitalist class in South Africa recognise the discontent among the working class, and the vacuum that exists and are scrambling desperately to renew the credibility of their system. They are trying to promote ‘new’ faces in the ANC: the neo-liberal Democratic Alliance and, now also, the newly announced Agang, led by one of Africa’s richest women capitalists, Mamphela Ramphele. WASP will sting the hopes of them rallying any substantial mass around such attempts. While the ruling class has mostly responded with deafening silence, the few attempts at discrediting WASP by bourgeois analysts nevertheless reflect their warranted unease.
The working-class response is off to a good start with the launch. A worker from the Sishen Kumba iron ore mine in the Northern Cape summed up the mood in his speech: "We are so fortunate to be here today to launch our organisation which we must build into a force to fight for us. Now we must go back to all shafts and build".
Democratic Socialist Movement reporters